Feline lower urinary track disease

Feline lower urinary track disease (FLUTD) is an umbrella name used to cover various contidions that affects the bladder and/or uretha of cats.

Major signs of feline lower urinary tract disease include:

• Straining to urinate
• Urinating small amounts
• Frequent and/or prolonged attempts to urinate
• Crying out while urinating
• Excessive licking of the genital area
• Urinating outside the litter box
• Blood in the urine

As mentioned above, frequent and/or prolonged attempts to urinate, is a common symptom, however a blocked bladder is very different, and is a life threatening condition!

If you ever see your cat is unable to urinate, please call your clinic without delay for advise and be ready to take your cat in to the clinic immediately. This usually affects male cat, as they have a narrower urethra than female cats. FLUTD commonly affects, male, middle aged, neutered cats. Being overweight increases this risk, as does being less active.

The other risk catigory for FLUTD, is stress. There are many factors thtat can add to a cats stress, and this could be one or more of the following:

• Multi cat living
• Introduction of an new animal
• New people living in the house
• A new baby
• Work being carried out on/in/around the house
• New neighbourhood animals
• New house
• Owners going/coming home from holiday

This is a small list of the most common things that we tend to see with stressed cats. There will definatley be more. The causes for FLUTD do vary, but the common most reason are:
• urolithiasis (bladder stones)
• urinary infections
• urethral obstruction
• feline idopathic cystitis

There can be other cause that are less common, such as diabetes, hyperthyroidisum, and growths. This is why we always recommend that the above symptoms are always checked by a veterinarian so that we can norrow down the cause and choose the correct treatment. By narrowing down a casue, we can also discuss ways to help with recurrant flare ups.